Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 5 of 5 items for :

  • "LFP gender gap" x
Clear All
Natalija Novta and Joyce Wong
Women across the world remain an underutilized resource in the labor force. Participation in the labor force averages around 80 percent for men but only 50 percent for women – nearly half of women’s productive potential remains untapped compared to one-fifth for men. Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), as a region, saw the largest gains in female labor force participation (LFP) in the world during the last two decades. Women in LAC are becoming increasingly active in paid work, closing the gap with men and catching up to their counterparts in advanced economies at an impressive rate. In this paper, we document the recent trends in female LFP and female education in the LAC region, discuss the size of potential gains to GDP from increasing female LFP and policies which could be deployed towards this goal.
Anna Ivanova, Jaume Puig, Victoria Valente, and Joyce Wong

to be particularly large for women of ages 20 to 40, which is also a prime age for the accumulation of employment experience. There is a similar difference between participation rates of married and unmarried women ( Figure 3.2 ). Both of these trends have been extensively documented in the United States (for example, Attanasio and others 2008 ). Education and Other Accessibility Factors Educational gaps and other factors affecting accessibility to jobs are also key determinants of female LFP. Gender gaps in education can drive inequality of opportunity to

Mr. Christian Gonzales, Ms. Sonali Jain-Chandra, Ms. Kalpana Kochhar, Ms. Monique Newiak, and Mr. Tlek Zeinullayev
This study shows empirically that gender inequality and income inequality are strongly interlinked, even after controlling for standard drivers of income inequality. The study analyzes gender inequality by using and extending the United Nation’s Gender Inequality Index (GII) to cover two decades for almost 140 countries,. The main finding is that an increase in the GII from perfect gender equality to perfect inequality is associated with an almost 10 points higher net Gini coefficient. For advanced countries, with higher gender equity in opportunities, income inequality arises mainly through gender gaps in economic participation. For emerging market and developing countries, inequality of opportunity, in particular in education and health, appear to pose larger obstacles to income equality.
Mr. Christian Gonzales, Ms. Sonali Jain-Chandra, Ms. Kalpana Kochhar, Ms. Monique Newiak, and Mr. Tlek Zeinullayev

should have ideally been identified in the literature. Application to Chile . In 1999, an interesting policy intervention occurred in Chile when articles 1 and 19 of its constitution were amended to legally guarantee equality between men and women. Previous empirical studies ( Gonzales and others, 2015 ) found that holding everything else constant, such a change would, on average, be associated with a decrease of 1.3 percent in the labor force participation (LFP) gender gap in emerging markets. Chile’s LFP gap was on a similar downward trend to that of its region

Natalija Novta and Joyce Wong

what kinds of policies are associated with higher or lower gender gaps, we must bear in mind that these associations cannot be interpreted as causal, and are likely subject to omitted variable bias. In addition, we run panel regressions with women’s legal rights, the only policy variable for which we have enough historical data (our sample is 1990-2010). Table 1 presents some descriptive statistics for LAC and advanced economies on variables which might affect female LFP and the LFP gender gap. Note that while we use the advanced economies as a comparison