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International Monetary Fund

The IMF began to provide technical assistance to its member countries in the early 1960s in response to requests from newly independent nations in Africa and Asia. By the mid-1980s, resources devoted to technical assistance had nearly doubled. As a result of the expansion of the IMF’s membership and the adoption of market-oriented economies by a large number of countries worldwide, IMF TA activities grew even more rapidly in the early 1990s. The demand increased further in the late 1990s as significant TA resources had to be directed to countries hit by

International Monetary Fund

The IMF began to provide technical assistance to its member countries in the early 1960s in response to requests from newly independent nations in Africa and Asia. By the mid-1980s, resources devoted to technical assistance had nearly doubled. As a result of the expansion of the IMF’s membership and the adoption of market-oriented economies by a large number of countries worldwide, IMF TA activities grew even more rapidly in the early 1990s. The demand increased further in the late 1990s as significant TA resources had to be directed to countries hit by

International Monetary Fund

The IMF began to provide technical assistance to its member countries in the early 1960s in response to requests from newly independent nations in Africa and Asia. By the mid-1980s, resources devoted to technical assistance had nearly doubled. As a result of the expansion of the IMF’s membership and the adoption of market-oriented economies by a large number of countries worldwide, IMF TA activities grew even more rapidly in the early 1990s. The demand increased further in the late 1990s as significant TA resources had to be directed to countries hit by

International Monetary Fund

component of IMF TA activities. For countries that receive TA in macroeconomic statistics, where the dissemination of data to the public is critical for better decision making, evaluation missions also offer a chance to discuss with data users and help to enhance the dialogue with data compilers to inform statistics processes and better products. 2. Accordingly, staff of the IMF’s Statistics Department (STA) visited Albania and Georgia to evaluate the department’s TA programs in two transition countries over roughly the period 2005 to mid-2010. 1 Both countries had

International Monetary Fund

four main TA areas, are provided in Boxes 3 – 6 . Project submission and approval Activities to be funded from the JSA, as well as all other IMF TA activities, are planned in advance each year. At the beginning of each fiscal year, the IMF provides Japan with an indicative list of projects that it intends to submit for consideration in the course of the year. Thereafter, individual projects are submitted for approval on a monthly basis through the Office of Japan’s Executive Director at the IMF. Requests for technical assistance are received from governments

International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

total administrative budget. 2 The pattern of IMF TA activities has evolved considerably over time. In the early 1990s, a significant share of TA resources was allocated to the transition countries to help develop the policies and institutions for a market economy. Since the late 1990s, a greater share has focused on countries receiving assistance under the PRGF, including for improving governance and for capacity building. Crisis prevention and resolution, TA to post-conflict countries, and TA in connection with regional arrangements (such as the new regional

International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

activity. Willingness to do so should be one of the factors taken into account in decisions on TA resource allocation. For more complex multiyear TA activities, a letter of agreement between the authorities and the IMF could specify commitment and resources including (1) mutually agreed milestones of progress; (2) resource commitments by both the IMF and the authorities—the authorities’ commitment is important to assure sustainability beyond the life of the IMF TA activity; and (3) the critical policy steps that are required from the authorities to ensure necessary

International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

governments. For example, in Yemen, the dissemination of IMF TA reports within and across relevant agencies appears to have been quite limited. Many interlocutors within the government were unaware of the results of IMF TA activities in areas of relevance to their work. In the case of Zambia, the end-1996 mission report on treasury management, which laid the broad outlines of future TA on PEM, had very restrictive circulation even though its implementation would eventually have involved various departments and administrative levels within the government. These problems of

International Monetary Fund
This evaluation of technical assistance (TA) and training in statistics looks at the experience of two transition economies, Albania and Georgia, during roughly the period 2005–2010. The TA, including the training, to these countries covered all the topical areas on which the IMF’s Statistics Department’s (STA) focuses, i.e., national accounts, price statistics, and monetary, balance of payments and government finance statistics, albeit with differing emphases between the two countries. Part of the assistance was funded directly from the IMF’s budget, while other elements (in particular the peripatetic advisors) were financed externally, in these cases by the Japanese government.