This Selected Issues paper examines growth, structural transformation, and diversification in Mali. At present, the majority of Mali’s population is employed in low-productivity agriculture, and the secondary sector is underdeveloped. Further structural transformation and diversification of output and exports could thus yield significant growth dividends, but will be challenging in the context of a rapid projected increase in the workforce over coming decades, much of which would need to be absorbed by the agricultural sector. Policies could focus on easing the constraints to structural transformation in key areas such as education and the business climate, as well as devising a clear strategy for tackling the challenges posed by rapid population growth.
neighboring nations such as Senegal, Niger, and Burkina Faso ( Figure 1 ).
Figure 1. IIAG: Government Accountability Aggregate Score
Score/100, 100 = Best
Sources: Ibrahim Index of African Governance
2. The deterioration occurs across each of the individual indices that make up the composite, regardless of the source . Out of nine separate indicators that made up the IIAGAccountabilityIndex, Mali’s score in 2013 compared to a four-year average from 2006–09 was lower, in all but two indicators, where it remained broadly unchanged ( Figure 2 ). This presents