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International Monetary Fund

from Quota and NAB Resources 2. Summary of Illustrative Simulations: Shifts in Quota Share under Alternative Options 3. Illustrative Scenarios: Quota Shares of 20 Largest Members Tables 1. Ad hoc Increase Allocated Based on Either the Formula or the GDP Blend; Full CQS Protection; PRGT-eligible 2. Ad hoc Increase Allocated Based on the GDP Blend; Full CQS Protection; PRGT-eligible 3. Ad hoc Increase Allocated Based on Either the Formula or the GDP Blend; 95 Percent 4. Ad hoc Increase Allocated Based on Either the Formula or the GDP Blend; Full CQS

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. Developments in External Flows 4. Openness and Variability Shares Relative to GDP Share 5a. Ratio of Openness to Market GDP 5b. Ratio of Openness Shares to GDP-Blend Shares 6. Shares of Major Groups in Each Quota Variable 7. Top 15 Countries – Ratio of Openness Share to GDP Blend Share and Variability Share to GDP Blend Share 8. Relationship between VAX Ratio and Ratio of Trade to GDP TABLES 1. Distribution of Quotas and Calculated Quotas 2. Distribution of Quotas and Updated Quota Variables 2.1. Updated GDP Blend Variable 3. Top 10 Positive and

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illustrative simulations of possible reforms of the quota formula presented in the last data update paper in July 2014, using the new database. The simulations take as a starting point the outcome of the comprehensive review of the quota formula (QFR) and the informal discussions in June 2013 and July 2014. All simulations exclude variability and explore alternative methods to re-distribute the weight of this variable. Different options for the weight of PPP GDP in the GDP blend are considered, as well as alternative openness measures. The simulations also illustrate the

International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept., International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, &, Review Department, and International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

used in the calculations. The “2008 Reform” CQS excludes Kosovo, Tuvalu, South Sudan and Nauru, which were not members at the time of the 2008 Reform. The “14 th Review” CQS excludes South Sudan and Nauru, which were not members at the time of the 14 th Review. 3/ Including China, P.R., Hong Kong SAR, and Macao SAR Table 2. Updated Quota Formula Variables—Shares (In percent) 14 th Review Current Formula GDP 1/ PPPGDP 1/ GDP Blend 2/ Openness 3/ Variability 4/ Reserves 5/ Current (2016

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This paper is a Statistical Appendix to complement the Quota Formula Review—Further Considerations.
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continued role for variability, possibly with a reduced weight. 8 Maintaining GDP as the most important variable: GDP is currently the most important quota variable, and it is agreed that it should continue to have the largest weight going forward. One outstanding issue is whether its weight should be increased, which many Directors favor, and if so by how much? A second issue is whether the composition of the GDP blend variable should be changed. On the latter issue, many Directors could support retaining the current blend (with its 60/40 percent shares of market

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share of the poorest members. Differences remained, however, on a number of important details, including the potential role of a compressed GDP blend variable in distributing ad hoc increases, the possible scope for mechanisms that could facilitate a larger net shift to EMDCs, and the precise modalities for protecting the voting share of the poorest countries. 3. This paper covers two broad topics . First, it revisits the issue of the size of the Fund in light of Directors’ views expressed in April and subsequent developments. Second, it provides further

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Table A1. Simplification of the Current Formula—Dropping Variability—By Member (In percent) 65/35 GDP blend 60/40 GDP blend 55/45 GDP blend 50/50 GDP blend 14th General Review Quotas Calculated Quota Shares Drop VAR, all to GDP Drop Var, weight split b/w GDP (2/3) and Openness (1/3) Drop VAR, all to GDP Drop Var, weight split b/w GDP (2/3) and Openness (1/3) Drop VAR, all to GDP Drop Var, weight split b/w GDP (2/3) and Openness (1/3) Drop VAR, all to GDP Drop Var, weight split b/w GDP (2

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The Executive Board has held three formal meetings on the quota formula review, and discussions have also taken place in other fora including the IMFC Deputies work stream and the G-20 IFA Working Group. Considerable progress has been made in terms of identifying areas of common ground as well as those areas where views differ. At their most recent meeting in late September, Directors reaffirmed their commitment to completing the review by January 2013, and stressed that achieving this goal will require constructive engagement and a spirit of flexibility and compromise from all sides. At its subsequent meeting in Tokyo, the IMFC called on the membership to develop the consensus needed through further engagement of the Executive Board, with input from the IMFC Deputies, to complete the review by January 2013.
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Quotas 1b. Changes in Distribution of Calculated Quotas 2a. Distribution of Quotas and Updated Quota Variables 2b. Updated GDP Blend Variable 3. Top 10 Positive and Negative Changes in Calculated Quota Shares 4. Under- and Overrepresented Countries by Major Country Groups 5. Illustrative Calculations: Summary 6. Illustrative Calculations—Current GDP and Openness Measures, and Dropping Variability 2 7. Illustrative Calculations—Current Openness Measure, Dropping Variability, Weight Split Evenly Between GDP and Openness, and Different Combinations of GDP