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International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
This Selected Issues paper on the Solomon Islands quantifies additional spending needs for Solomon Islands to achieve key Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) targets by 2030. The estimate indicates annual additional spending needs of about 6.9 percent of 2030 gross domestic product. Higher investment in energy infrastructure, including on renewable energy, is a key priority to strengthening climate change adaptation and paving the way toward a low-carbon transition. Creating fiscal space for projects with climate-proofing components through budget reallocation, while improving spending efficiency, would raise economic returns by building climate resilience. An integrated financing strategy with a mix of additional concessional financing and front-loaded fiscal measures, including domestic revenue mobilization, is needed and should be properly sequenced to achieve SDGs by 2030. The SDGs and climate commitment should be integrated into the existing public financial management reform agenda to achieve climate-sensitive development goals.
International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

: $18.00 per printed copy International Monetary Fund Washington, D.C . © 2022 International Monetary Fund Title Page SOLOMON ISLANDS SELECTED ISSUES December 16, 2021 Approved By Asia and Pacific Department Prepared By Manabu Nose (FAD) Contents SPENDING NEEDS FOR ACHIEVING SDGS WITH CLIMATE RESILIENCE A. Background B. Institutional Framework: National Strategies on SDGs and Climate Change C. The Cost of Achieving SDGs and Climate Goals D. Policy Discussions E. Conclusions FIGURES 1. Climate Readiness and

International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

) 623–7201 E-mail: Web: Price: $18.00 per printed copy International Monetary Fund Washington, D.C . © 2019 International Monetary Fund Front Matter Page UGANDA SELECTED ISSUES April 16, 2019 Approved By The African Department Prepared by a team led by Axel Schimmelpfennig, with the chapter authored by Arina Viseth (AFR) and Ke Wang (SPR). Contents ADDRESSING EMPLOYMENT CHALLENGES IN UGANDA A. Introduction B. Literature Review C. Stylized Facts D. Policy

International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Misallocation C. The Role of Migrants in Explaining Aggregate Labor Market Dynamics D. Policy Discussion: The Case for Deepening Integration Efforts FIGURES 1. Migrant Characteristics and Labor Market Outcomes 2. Migration and Equilibrium Labor Market Outcomes 3. Regression Results TABLE 1. Migration and Equilibrium Labor Market Outcomes COLOMBIA’S EXPORT PERFORMANCE FOLLOWING THE 2014–15 OIL SHOCK AND PESO DEPRECIATION

Mr. Philip R. Lane and Mr. Gian M Milesi-Ferretti

External Positions D. Policy Discussion V. Conclusions Appendices 1. Decomposition of Changes in Net Foreign Assets 2. Estimating the Currency Composition of Net Foreign Assets A. The Euro Area B. China C. Japan D. United States References Tables 1. Direction of Trade in Goods, 1984 and 2004 2. Evolution of Net Foreign Assets, 2002–2005: Underlying Factors 2002–2005 3. Capital Gains on External Portfolios in the Euro Area and the United States, 2002–2005 4. Currency Composition of Net External Position, 2005 5. Net Foreign Assets and

International Monetary Fund

Job Loss D. Policy Discussions Annex I: Measure of Unemployment Annex II: Estimate of Noncylical Unemployment Rates Annex III: Aging Population and Long-Term Labor Supply References Boxes V.1. Changing Labor Unions V.2. Special Zones for Structural Reform VI. Employment Insurance and the Social Safety Net A. Benefits and Financing B. Assessment of Unemployment Benefits C. Active Labor Policy and Policy Efficiency D. Policy Appraisal References Boxes VI.1. Employment Insurance System VI.2. Social Assistance and Health

Ms. Margaux MacDonald and Ms. TengTeng Xu

Contents I. Introduction II. Cyclical Financial Conditions and Near-Term Growth A. Data and Stylized Facts B. Methodology C. Results Macro-financial Partitions and Loadings Scenario Analysis Term Structure of Credit and Leverage Indicators Investment- and Consumption-at-Risk D. Policy Discussions III. Financial Sector and Long-Term Growth A. Data and Stylized Facts B. Methodology C. Results D. Policy Implications IV. Conclusions References Annex I. Tables Annex II. Figures * The author(s)would like to

International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

OUTLOOK A. Recent Developments B. Outlook ADVANCING FISCAL CONSOLIDATION A. Recent Fiscal Developments B. Policy Discussions BOOSTING COMPETITIVENESS AND GROWTH A. Background B. Policy Discussions C. Background D. Policy Discussions SAFEGUARDING FINANCIAL STABILITY A. Recent Financial Developments B. Policy Discussions FINANCING, RISKS, AND PROGRAM MODALITIES STAFF APPRAISAL BOXES 1. External Adjustment and the Consumption Overhang 2. Halting Arrears in the Health Sector 3. The Portuguese Pension System

International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
This Selected Issues paper tries to answer the question of how to promote employment in Uganda. It also discusses key stylized facts including labor market challenges, an overview of the labor market, and employment characteristics. Although issues relating to the determinants of employment are gaining momentum in Uganda, the literature is largely based on economic reports and qualitative studies. Uganda has implemented some social programs aimed at creating employment specifically for youth and women, though coverage is limited. These programs aim at providing an enabling environment for the private sector to create jobs and build the skills and requisite knowledge to make youth and women more employable. The existing social programs are good initiatives to address some of the labor market issues, though their coverage remains limited with funding constraints identified as one of the main challenges. Creating quality jobs will require comprehensive policies to promote headline growth and ensure inclusive growth, including measures to improve education and address challenges in gender and youth.
International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.
This Selected Issues paper focuses on Venezuelan migration and the labor market. Over 2 million migrants have crossed the border from Venezuela and continue to join Colombia’s labor market—which remains weak overall with rising unemployment and falling participation. There is so far little evidence of displacement effects on account of immigration, however, as the Colombian informal sector has capably absorbed most of the migrant inflow. A more granular view of Colombia’s local labor markets does not show weaker employment outcomes in those that have received the most migrants. However, with many of these workers being highly skilled and attached to the informal sector, evidence of labor misallocation highlights the need to continue integration policies. The government is conducting efforts to accelerate the validation of Venezuelan degrees for easing the integration of professional migrants and high-school educated migrants who wish to continue their university studies in Colombia.