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International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department
This paper provides a detailed assessment of observance on the Eurex Clearing AG observance of the Committee on Payment and Settlement Systems-International Organization of Securities Commissions principles for financial market infrastructures. Eurex Clearing is a global central counterparty clearing house that clears a broad range of both listed and over-the-counter (OTC) products. It offers fully automated and straight-through post trade services to the derivatives markets Eurex Deutschland and Eurex Zürich, the Frankfurt Stock Exchange, the multilateral trading systems of Eurex Bonds GmbH and Eurex Repo GmbH, the Irish Stock Exchange as well as clearing services for OTC interest rate derivatives (Eurex OTC Clear), as well as clearing services for transactions in cash equities, bonds, repos, derivatives, secure funding, securities financing, and transactions.
Anne-Caroline Hüser, Caterina Lepore, and Luitgard Veraart
We examine how the repo market operates during liquidity stress by applying network analysis to novel transaction-level data of the overnight gilt repo market including the COVID-19 crisis. During this crisis, the repo network becomes more connected, with most institutions relying on existing trade relationships to transact. There are however significant changes in the repo volumes and spreads during the stress relative to normal times. We find a significant increase in volumes traded in the cleared segment of the market. This reflects a preference for dealers and banks to transact in the cleared rather than the bilateral segment. Funding decreases towards non-banks, only increasing for hedge funds. Further, spreads are higher when dealers and banks lend to rather than borrow from non-banks. Our results can inform the policy debate around the behaviour of banks and non-banks in recent liquidity stress and on widening participation in CCPs by nonbanks.
International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department
The main objective of this technical note is to analyze the supervision and systemic risk management of financial market infrastructures (FMIs) in the United Kingdom. It focuses on the supervision of FMIs, including the regulatory framework, supervisory practices, available resources, transparency, adoption of international standards and coordination and cooperation mechanisms among authorities, both domestically and cross-border; identification and management of interdependencies among FMIs, clearing members and markets, as well as other mechanisms for monitoring of system-wide risks that may exacerbate a crisis and impact financial stability in the United Kingdom and worldwide; and recovery and resolution of FMIs as relatively new instruments to sustain critical operations and services.