information on tropical cyclones’ characteristics (wind speed and distance to the island). Throughout the paper the termstropicalcyclone, hurricane, or storm are used interchangeably.
The wind speeds prior to 1970 have been adjusted as in Emanuel (2015) . The wind speeds reported by NOAA are the sustained one-minute average speeds at an altitude of 10 meters; however, the techniques and methods to estimate those winds have evolved over time resulting in lower wind speed estimates after 1970 ( Emanuel, 2005 ). Therefore, Emanuel ( 2005 , and 2015 ) devised an