the movement of goods across the globe? What are the benefits and challenges of using big data to produce real-time information about trade? In what ways can countries use this source to complement traditional sources of trade statistics?
To answer these questions, a team of IMF economists employed a more structured version of the AIS data, containing “port-calls data.” Port-calls data combineshippositions and port boundaries to track the arrival and departure of ships in a port. The economists used Malta-an island state in the European Union, with a population