Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 5 of 5 items for :

  • "Australia and New Zealand" x
  • Industry Studies: Primary Products and Construction: General x
Clear All
International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.
This paper focuses on problems of economic policy in terms of targets and instruments. Both the fixed-targets approach and the welfare-economics approach tend to favor a multiplication of policy instruments, the former so as to increase the number of targets that can be attained and the latter so as to permit all objectives to be more closely approximated. It is necessary that policies be centrally coordinated, and in each country, there is a limit to the number of policies that can be successfully coordinated by the political and administrative machine. For this reason, the costs of applying any given policy instrument will depend not only on the degree of its use but also on the number and nature of the instruments already in use. The existence of both kinds of cost, and particularly the latter, will set a limit on the number of policy instruments that can appropriately be brought into operation.
Ms. Alison Stuart

investment will ebb (see Chart 2 ). Mining-related investment, which accounted for almost half of GDP growth in recent years, is expected to drop sharply in the near term (see Chart 3 ). Chart 2 Drilling down Mining investment, which accounted for nearly 8 percent of Australia’s GDP in recent years, will decline sharply in the near future. (mining investment, percent of GDP) Sources: Australian Bureau of Statistics; Australia and New Zealand Banking Group; and IMF staff calculations. Chart 3 Contributing less The boost to Australia’s economy from

International Monetary Fund
This selected issues paper on Indonesia was prepared by a staff team of the International Monetary Fund as background documentation for the periodic consultation with the member country. It is based on the information available at the time it was completed on August 21, 2012. The views expressed in this document are those of the staff team and do not necessarily reflect the views of the government of Indonesia or the Executive Board of the IMF.
International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
This 2013 Article IV consultation highlights Australia’s below-trend GDP growth and the beginning of the decline of the investment phase of the mining boom, which has passed its peak. A key issue now is how Australia can manage the mining-production/export phase and encourage broader-based growth. The main external risks include a slowdown in China over the medium term and surges in global financial market volatility. The pickup in housing market activity, though welcome to date, could pose a future risk if prices accelerate and lead to overshooting. The financial sector is resilient and has strengthened in recent years, although banks’ reliance on offshore funding will continue. The emphasis on tight lending standards and intensive supervision should help limit financial sector risks.
International Monetary Fund
This Recent Economic Developments and Selected Economic Issues paper provides a broad overview of the structure of Namibia’s economy. It provides a detailed discussion of the structure and evolution of the productive base, recent trends in investment and savings performance, fiscal policies, monetary issues and policies, and external sector developments. The paper provides an assessment of Namibia’s export performance and prospects for the future. The paper highlights that since independence in 1990, Namibia’s real GDP has expanded at an annual compound rate of 3.8 percent, or 0.9 percent in per capita terms.