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Ms. Christine Dieterich, Anni Huang, and Mr. Alun H. Thomas
As labor market data is scarce in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), this paper uses household survey data to analyze the determinants of the gender gap in the labor market and its welfare implications for five SSA countries in multinomial logit models with propensity score matching method. The analysis confirms that education opens up opportunities for women to escape agricultural feminization and engage in formal wage employment, but these opportunities diminish when women marry—a disadvantage increasingly relevant when countries develop and urbanization progresses. Opening a household enterprise offers women an alternative avenue to escape low-paid jobs in agriculture, but the increase in per capita income is lower than male-owned household enterprises. These findings underline that improving women’s education needs to be supported by measures to allow married women to keep their jobs in the wage sector.
Ms. Christine Dieterich, Anni Huang, and Mr. Alun H. Thomas

I. Introduction While unprecedented growth over the last decade improved economic opportunities in Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries, women seem to find it difficult to benefit from this trend equally as their male counterparts. In this paper, five SSA countries are selected, representing various levels of development in this region, to study gender inequality in labor markets . Gender inequality in SSA labor markets appears in various forms, depending on a country’s development level . Labor force participation of women and men is very similar in low