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International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Albania is formulating a Medium-Term Revenue Strategy (MTRS) with IMF support. The decision to commit to the development of an MTRS was taken against the background of revenue persistently falling short of budget projections, revenue continuing to lag behind regional peers in tax to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) ratios and the Government’s assessment that an increase of revenue of 2.2 – 3.0 percent of GDP will be required to finance its additional spending needs over the next five years.

International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.
Albania is formulating a Medium-Term Revenue Strategy (MTRS) with IMF support. The decision to commit to the development of an MTRS was taken against the background of revenue persistently falling short of budget projections, revenue continuing to lag behind regional peers in tax to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) ratios and the Government’s assessment that an increase of revenue of 2.2 – 3.0 percent of GDP will be required to finance its additional spending needs over the next five years.
International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Increasing revenue mobilization is a top priority for North Macedonia. This can be achieved through tax policy reform coupled with enhanced revenue administration, a focus of IMF capacity development. Options include more progressive income taxation, streamlined special regimes, and more and better use of property and environmental taxes. The administrative capacity to enforce taxes can be strengthened through strong reform leadership and governance, IT modernization, a more systematic approach to compliance risk management, and improved tax audit methods.

International Monetary Fund
The IMF’s capacity development (CD) information dissemination policy needs to adapt to a new landscape. The Fund is providing more CD and producing greater and more diverse types of CD-related information. Meanwhile, the external landscape has also evolved, as members, partners, and other CD providers increasingly expect greater transparency and access to information. This paper sets out envisaged reforms to further widen the dissemination and publication of CD information.
International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.
It is generally difficult to measure revenue not collected due to noncompliance, but a growing number of countries now regularly produce and publish estimated revenue losses. Good tax gap analysis enables the detection of changes in taxpayer behavior by consistent estimates over time. This Technical Note sets out the theoretical concepts for personal income tax (PIT) gap estimation, the different measurement approaches available, and their implications for the scope and presentation of statistics. The note also focuses on the practical steps for measuring the PIT gap by establishing a random audit program to collect data, and how to scale findings from the sample to the population.
International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

IMF Country Report No. 21/127

International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

On behalf of the Egyptian authorities, I would like to thank Management and the Board for their support in response to the sudden balance of payment shock under the RFI, and their continued support under this SBA request. We also thank staff for the close engagement during remote missions and the careful deliberations and reports. The authorities are in broad agreement with the assessment of the fallout on the economy from the COVID-19 pandemic and the policy response. I will focus this statement on the policies to mitigate the shock and support economic recovery and key priorities for the medium-term.